The Government has announced demonetization of existing currency of Rs. 500/1000 with effect from the 9th November, 2016. However, concerns have been raised that some of the existing provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961 ('Act') could possibly be used for concealing black money. So, the Government has introduced Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 in the Lok Sabha to amend the provisions of Income-Tax Act.
The Government has announced Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana 2016 (PMGKY) in the Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016. As per this PMGKY black money deposited in banks or held in cash can be offered for taxation at 49.9% (i.e., 30% tax, 9.9% surcharge and 10% penalty).
The Revenue Secretary, Hasmukh Adhia said that Income-tax department will not ask for the source of funds deposited in banks if the entire income is declared under PMGKY. From bare reading of this statement of Revenue Secretary, doubts arise as to whether any corrupt official or corrupt member of political party or any criminal can also come clean by paying 49.90% tax under PMGKY. No, any criminal or corrupt person cannot avail of benefit of this PMGKY as he is specifically excluded from purview of PMGKY.