Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Revenue earned by eBay from its website won't be FTS; its Indian marketing agents won't form its agency PE

a) The assessee, incorporated in Switzerland, operated specific websites in India that provided an online platform for facilitating the purchase and sale of goods and services to users based in India;

b) For the purpose, the assessee had entered into marketing support agreements with eBay India and eBay motors,  for availing of certain support services in connection with its websites;

c) The Assessing officer concluded that the payments received by the assessee from operations of websites were mainly in the nature of FTS. Further, it also held that the assessee had a PE in India in the form of its entities namely, eBay India and eBay motors;

d) On appeal, the DRP upheld the order of AO. Aggrieved-assessee filed the instant appeal.

The Tribunal held in favour of assessee as under:

1) The modus operandi of the transactions undertaken through the websites made it clear that the fees accruing to assessee on successful completion of the transactions between the buyer and seller could not be described as FTS, as the assessee had no role to play in1) effecting sales and these were in nature of business profits;

2) The existence of PE as per Article 5 of India-Singapore DTAA (‘treaty’) is a must for bringing to charge any business profits as per Article 7 of treaty. The eBay India and eBay motors were dependent agents of assessee, as they were assisting it in carrying on business in India and if any of the conditions given in para 5 of Article 5 of treaty was satisfied, then they would constitute dependent agent PE of the assessee in India;

3) First condition provided in para 5 of treaty refer to that the dependent agent "has and habitually exercises in that State, an authority to negotiate and enter into contracts for or on behalf of the enterprise”. By performing the activities as narrated in the agreement, it was seen that eBay India had at no stage negotiated or entered into contract for or on behalf of the assessee;

4) Second condition provided in Article 5 of treaty refers to the dependent agent habitually maintaining a stock of goods for or on behalf of the enterprise. This condition was not satisfied as eBay India didn’t maintain any stock of goods for delivery for or on behalf of the assessee;

5) Third condition applies where the dependent agent manufactures or processes the goods or merchandize in that State for the enterprise.  Obviously, this clause was also not applicable because eBay Motors was not required to manufacture or process the goods or merchandise on behalf of the assessee;

6) Thus, the eBay India and eBay motors were dependent agents of assessee but they did not constitute dependent agent PE and, thus, profits earned by assessee could not be taxed as per Article 7 of treaty - eBay International AG v. Dy. DIT [2013] 40 20 (Mumbai - Trib.)

Order of amalgamation doesn't transfer tenancy rights from transferor-company to transferee-company

The High Court held as under:

1) Where order of amalgamation wasn't served on landlord by the transferee-company and landlord continued to issue rent receipts in the name of (dissolved) transferor-company, though he accepted rent from transferee-company, yet no right of tenancy was created or transferred in favour of transferee-company;

2) Tenancy is a non-transferable object that can extend to others either by an explicit contract or by statute;

3) In the instant case, there was neither any statute to support transfer of tenancy on amalgamation nor any agreement executed between tenant (transferor-company) and landlord to deal with such an eventuality - Ambalal Sarabhai Enterprises Ltd. v. Rajeev Daga [2013] 40 99 (Calcutta)