Payment for use of transponder service for broadcasting of programme held as ‘royalty’ as it involves transmission by satellite which falls in the expression ‘process’ as per Explanation 6 of Section 9(1)(vi) of the I-T Act
1) The assessee, engaged in broadcasting television channels from India, received transponder service from Intelsat, a tax resident of USA, in lieu of a fee.
2) The assessee approached to the AO under 195(2) of I-T Act for Nil withholding tax certificates, for such payment of fees to Intelsat, which was denied by the AO.
3) On the question of whether fee payable to Intelsat is in the nature of ‘Royalty’ in the light of amended provisions of section 9(1)(vi) as well as under Article 12 of Indo-US DTAA, the Tribunal held in favour of revenue as under.
a) The Explanation 6 introduced by Finance Act, 2012 was only clarificatory in nature and, therefore, it did not amend the definition of royalty per se.
b) There was no quarrel on the point that any payment for use or right to use of process is in the nature of royalty as per the provisions of Article 12(3) of DTAA between India and USA as well as per the Explanation 2 of section 9(1)(vi) of the Act.
c) Since the term ‘process’ is not defined under the DTAA, therefore, by virtue of Article 3(2) of the India-US DTAA,the meaning of term ‘process’ as defined in the Act would apply for this purpose.
d) The use of transponder by the assessee for telecasting/broadcasting the programme involves the transmission by the satellite including up-linking, amplification, conversion for downlinking of signals which falls in the expression ‘process’ as per Explanation 6 of Section 9(1)(vi).
e) Hence the payments made for use/ right to use of process falls in the ambit of expression ‘royalty’ as per DTAA as well as per provisions of Income Tax Act.
f) The decision of Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. Ltd. v. DIT  197 Taxman 263 (Delhi)was not applicable in present case as it was pronounced prior to the insertion of Explanation 6 and Explanation below section 9(2).